The safety of toys in the EU is regulated by the Toy Safety Directive 2009/48/EC, which sets the rules on the safety of toys and allows their free movement within the EU borders. It came into force on July 20th 2011 by replacing the former 20 years old Directive 88/378/EEC.
The Toy Safety Directive contains all essential legal requirements which toys must conform with before they can be placed on the EU market. These safety requirements are divided into two groups: general risks and particular risks. The general criteria mainly relate to the children’s health and safety, while the particular ones are primarily linked to the toys properties (e.g. flammability, radioactivity, and electrical, chemical, physical and mechanical properties).