What is CE marking (CE mark)?
CE marking (CE mark) is an important indication that assures a product is safe and comply with the European directives. The CE mark is an important topic for companies, yet many cannot answer the question “what is CE marking (CE mark)?”. Learn here more about its purpose and implications for companies selling products, and how you could get a CE mark approval.
The primary purpose of the CE marking (CE mark) is to simplify free trade of products within the EU. Its use across the market has also led to standardised laws (European Standards or ENs) regarding health, safety and the environment in the EU. If a product comes under the scope of a directive requiring CE marking, the manufacturer must ensure it complies with the applicable requirements. Afterwards, the same has to affix the CE mark to the product, before introducing it to the EEA market. This is also the case if manufacturers produce products outside of the EEA. Second-hand products from outside the EEA must also be CE marked before their introduction to the EEA market.
When a consumer is purchasing a product, they expect that the product will be safe. Therefore, all products introduced to the EEA market must ensure minimum product safety. The product safety standards for electrical and electronic products require the elimination of risk when handling and using the product. When customers use the product as intended, the product must not endanger their health or the environment. Many goods, in particular, electrical and electronic products, can be dangerous. They can be even lethal if the manufacturers haven’t produced them according to the applicable standards. The CE marking (CE mark) proves that products meet the minimum product safety requirements.
To consider a product or service as safe, the same has to assure that the “normal or reasonably foreseeable use and service life do not present a risk to human health and safety or only a low risk”. The way products might be used must also be considered.
If a manufacturer finds that their goods or services are dangerous, they should immediately contact the regulatory authority and report measures taken to prevent damage.
When analysing risks, manufacturers must consider issues including handling (electricity, heat and moveable parts), fire safety and mechanical integrity.
Products that don’t meet the legal product safety standards can endanger people, animals, and the environment. For instance, an electrical product improperly equipped to handle an abnormal current can lead to sparking and external heat. Then, in turn, the same can result in surrounding material catching fire.