The CE marking FAQ contains tons of information about the CE marking and labeling. Here, we explain questions such as: “How do you CE mark a product?” or “How do you keep your CE mark updated?”. But if you’re having troubles finding the answer, don’t hesitate to contact us.
Consider the directives the product may be covered by, and study the relevant harmonized standards produced by CEN, CENELEC, and ETSI. The CE Check service will automatically help you to identify the relevant directives for your specific product. Consulting a notified body on the matter may also help you determine appropriate testing methods to meet the CE requirements.
CE marking requirements apply to many products sold within the EU, whether manufactured inside or outside the EU. Products imported for sale from outside the EU must therefore also be CE marked. The marking plays a key role in free trade and the harmonization of regulations within the EU. Thanks to the marking, goods can circulate freely in the internal EU market.
The manufacturer assures product safety. The CE marking is the only marking required for the product to be considered safe enough for sale in the EU / EEA. Market surveillance authorities throughout the entire European Union monitor products to ensure they meet all health and safety requirements as declared by the manufacturer.
There is no centralized database available for CE marked products, since this is a procedure mainly done by the companies themselves, with the exception when notified bodies are needed.
Fake CE marks are however fairly easy to see, we have provided a few examples of invalid CE marks that can be easily checked:
There is no centralized database available of notified body certificates, nor of the certificate numbers. Generally, the only way to check CE certificates is to contact the notified bodies.
To find the contact information of a notified body, you can use EC’s Nando (“New Approach Notified and Designated Organisations”) database.
The CE marking shall be used for all products subject to EU directives requiring CE marking, such as toys, mobile phones and electrical products and many more.
To place a CE marking on a product, the manufacturer must ensure the product complies with all the requirements specified by the relevant directive/s. One way to meet these requirements is to comply with the relevant harmonized standards for the product.
- If the product’s rated voltage is less than 50 V it does not fall under LVD, but may still need to be tested for general product safety. If it contains electrical circuits that can cause electromagnetic phenomena, it is likely to fall under the EMC directive and thus be subject to the CE marking rules.
- If the product is a medical device, the entire system including power supplies must be tested against MDD.
- If the product is a machine, machine safety and electrical safety must be tested, even if the rated voltage is less than 50 V.
Products may need to be retested if a standard would change. Updates to ENs (European Standards) are ongoing and can sometimes be simply editorial. However, the updates sometimes contain significant changes about how to verify the security of products. Therefore, each change must be considered carefully to see whether a product is affected.
If the European Standard you apply becomes invalid by passing its date of cessation, the presumption of conformity, of the directive in question, will also terminate. The product can therefore no longer be claimed, by the presumption method, to comply with the CE requirements of the standard version. In such a situation, consideration should be given to updating a product’s technical documentation to the subsequent valid standard version.
Authorities may take legal action against the company, such as a sale ban and recall of the product. This decision will have effect throughout the whole EEA. If documentation is inadequate, authorities may test the product in question to determine whether the product is safe for its intended use.
The authorities bear the final burden of proof to determine the product’s safety features, and test results will, therefore, have a major impact on the authorities’ decision.
- All authorities in a Member State responsible for market surveillance have the right and obligation to request documentation from any seller of products in their country. However, authorities should be selective and not request more information than necessary to carry out quality verification.
- Customs may also intervene if a product is clearly dangerous or lacking a CE mark (where required). Customs will then work with the appropriate authority for market surveillance in the country. The seller of such products is required to assist the authorities if requested.
- Commercially, anyone may wish to see the CE documentation, and the CE declaration would in such a case be a reasonable request.
- A Declaration of Conformity needs to be renewed only when the product is changed.
- If your product was designed and placed on the market when only the older directives applied then everything is in order. The Declaration of Conformity must be written before the product is placed on the market and is the basis for the CE marking.
- A circulation pump may be installed as an independent single machine in a heating system in, for example, a property, and should then comply with the Machinery Directive and be CE marked.
- However, a circulation pump can also be part of a more complex facility where it provides a partial function and is supervised and controlled along with other machine units. A CE marking of the system as a whole is then required. In such a case, a circulation pump could be delivered with a so-called manufacturer’s declaration.
- It is important to note that the manufacturing declaration procedure is intended to be an exception to the general rule and is intended to be used only in cases where there is no possibility of CE marking. Generally, a manufacturer of mass-produced circulation pumps will not know the final use of the product. Therefore, the circulation pumps must be certified according to the Machinery Directive and bear the CE mark.